The West

The Altai Mountains, Great Lakes and Dunes.

Explore Mongolia’s most diverse region, track Snow Leopards,  Argali Sheep,  Saiga Antelopes and Ibex, traverse Mongolia’s largest sand dunes, and more.

PRICE     On request $$$

SEASON     June to September

TRIP TYPE     Jeep Safari

ACCOMMODATION     Luxury Private Camps

ACTIVITIES     Wildlife, birding, hiking

DURATION     10-17 days ex-Ulaanbaatar

Western Mongolia is a timeless landscape, home to Mongolia’s most fascinating and diverse ethnic groups: the Kazakhs with their hunting eagles, surviving fragments of the Oirat Mongol tribes, and shamanist Tuvans.

In the Great Lakes Basin, there are more extensive sand dunes than The Gobi, in landscapes where dunes border great saltwater and freshwater lakes with a backdrop of snow-capped mountains.

The Altai Mountains are habitat to Snow Leopards. Takhi wild horses have been reintroduced to the Khomyn Tal. Saiga Antelope still roam the dry steppes, an ice-age survivor, with a bulbous almost trunk-like nose uniquely adapted to extreme cold and heat.

With the largest reed-beds in Central Asia and the diversity of landscapes, the Great Lakes Basin and neighbouring mountains offer great birding.

We tour the region by Landcruiser, sleeping at our private 360° camps located among vast unspoilt landscapes. Where you will be welcomed by our local community partners.

We would love to tailor a custom trip to the West for you

Down to the details

Below you can find out more information about this trip, including a suggested itinerary, the fitness level required, what is included in the trip package and also some of the other customisation options available.

Suggested Itinerary

Suggested Itinerary

Day 1


Three hour flight to one of two regional airports. Drive for half a day to Altan Hökhii Uul, a single mountain in the central Mongol Altai range. First night at our luxury private 360° camps.

Day 2-3


With our Myangad Mongol hosts. Traditional herders, who migrate between pastures with all their belongings loaded on to pack camels. These Western Mongol Oirats are renowned horse trainers. Learn about nomadic life, optional horse ride, day hikes. Horsemanship demonstration

Day 4


Full day drive to the Khomyn Tal: semi arid grassland surrounded by lakes, rivers and large sand dunes. We set up camp near the Takh Association research centre, re-introduction site for Takhi, Przewalskii Horses (Equus przewalskii), once extinct in the wild. Meet with rangers.

Day 5


Explore the Khomyn Tal steppe and Seer Mountain escarpment in search of Takhi. We may also come across Mongolian Gazelles, Black-tailed Gazelles and possibly Siberian Ibex and Saiga Antelope. Good birding along the nearby Zavkhan River.

Drive to the salt water lake of Baga Nuur (Small Lake), wetlands rich in birdlife, and spectacular even for non-birders. We may see large congregations of Pallas’s Sandgrouse (Syrrhaptes paradoxus), good numbers of Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea).

Adjacent to Baga Nuur are the biggest and longest sand dunes of Mongolia, Mongol Sands. More spectacular than the famous.

Day 6-7


Explorations of the area from our private camp. Drive to nearby Dörgön Nuur for bird watching birding: Pallas’s Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus), White-tailed Eagle (H. albicilla), Asian Dowitcher (Limnodromus semipalmatus) White Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni).

With some luck we may spot the rare Relict Gull (Larus relictus). Visit local nomads and their gers and livestock on foot or on camel back, to learn more about their livelihoods.

Day 8


Traverse the sand dunes by camel (or on foot). Meeting our vehicles on the far side. Ride across dunes and along the shore where dunes descend to the lake There is a spectacular ovoo here, a sacred cairn where.

Day 9-10


This is Saiga habitat where WWF are working with local herding communities to protect this rare antelope. In ice-age times millions of Saiga roamed the plains with mammoths, wooly rhinos and bisons.

Now only around 50,000 remain, in Russia and Kazahstan, with only a very small populaUon in Mongolia. They are very skiosh and hard to see, as they tend to run if their hear a vehicle within a distance of 2 or 3 kilometers. One day for explorations of the area and its wildlife and one day with the community.

Day 11


Cross the Dörgön Steppe into Khar Us Nuur National Park. The village of Chandmani is famous for its claims of being the original place for throat singing (hömii). To our private camp in a valley below Jargalant Hairkhan Mountain, with views to Khar Us Lake. The mountain is snow-capped unUl July, small stands of birch grow on the lower slopes.

Day 12-13


Hiking into the Rashant Valley of Jargalant Hairkhan Mountain, where ice and snow remain long into summer, Mongolia’s highest waterfall. Visit a sacred spring, famous for its healing powers.

With luck we may see Siberian Ibex (Capra sibirica), Argali Sheep (Ovis ammon). This is Snow Leopard habitat where WWF has placed camera traps for research. Our local hosts are partners in conservaUon programs working with both WWF and Snow Leopard Trust.

Birds include Lammergeier (Gypaetus barbatus), Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar), Altai Snowcock (Tetraogallus altaicus) and Wallcreepers (Tichodroma muraria).

Day 14


Half-day drive around Khar Us Nuur, the freshwater lake with the largest reed beds of Central Asia. Hovd is a mulUethnic small town, as it has several Mongol tribal groups, also Kazakhs. Visit the museum on the main square. ConUnue to in Bayan-Ölgii province and divert from there to the Khar Khatuu Valley via Tolbo Lake. We set up camp below the snow-capped Sair Mountain (3990 meters).

Day 15-16


Two days for exploraUons of this uncommon part of Bayan-Ölgii. Hosted by Kazakh nomads. Kazakhs are Muslims and have more elaborate gers (here called yurts). Here Kazakh traditional culture is actually stronger than in neighboring Kazakhstan, including hunUng with Eagles, also craq and embroidery skills. Learn about Kazakh life and traditions. Hiking and explorations of the surrounding mountains.

Adventure Level

Adventure Level

This is a moderately paced trip, avoiding long back-to-back jeep travel days. We like to spend a couple of days in most locations in order to explore the area, and visit with the locals.

Travel days are generally limited to 5 hours of driving time, occasionally 6 – 7 hours may be required.

Activities include day hikes, length can be tailored to your fitness; the ability to hike 10 or 12 km (6-7 miles) in rugged terrain will enable you to make the most of this trip.

There is an opUonal 10km camel ride which will require 2 or 3 hours in the saddle (helmets provided), alternaUvely you can walk, or take the vehicles the long way round. Horse riding can also be arranged with some host families.


What’s Included


  • All overnight accommodation outside of Ulaanbaatar.
  • All transport and activities as per itinerary.
  • All meals outside Ulaanbaatar.
  • Camp entourage including cook and guide.
  • National Park entry fee.
  • Domestic flights.

Not Included

  • Air or train tickets to/from Mongolia.
  • Hotels in Ulaanbaatar.
  • Laundry.
  • Visas.
Optional Extras

Customization Options

Its is possible to compress this trip into 13 days ex-Ulaanbaatar, 15 days in Mongolia (means one full day, rather than two full days in each key location and/or skip one destination).

Or two shorter options:

  • Great Lakes Exploration (Hovd to Ulaangom, or Hovd to Hovd) – 8 days ex-UB
  • Altai Mountains ExploraUon (Hovd to Olgiy) – 8 days ex-UB

As a private trip it is possible to adjust the itinerary to focus more on specific interests, such as bird watching, searching for charismaUc mammals, meeting local nomads, or additional day walks.

Ulaanbaatar Arrangements

Our trips can be customized and combined in a modular fashion. Your stay in Ulaanbaatar will be quoted separately, allowing you the choice of hotels and experiences matching your entries and exits in our capital.

All Ulaanbaatar packages include:

  • private chauffeur service to and from the airport at the start and end of your trip;
  • city guide and private driver available as required;
  • the services of our Ulaanbaatar guest relations team;

There are some seasonal variations of this itinerary depending on location of host communities and other local conditions. The trip may operate in the reverse direcUon, due flight schedules at the Ume of booking. The trip may operate in the reverse direcUon, due flight schedules at the Ume of booking.

The region is remote, we will be up to 6 hours drive from the major towns and regional airports. DomesUc flights to Ulaanbaatar may not be daily. Comprehensive emergency medical and evacuation insurance is required.

Our conservation partners for this journey is the Altai Institute.

The Altai Institute practice people-centred conservation, meaning local communities are incentivized to protect wildlife, and supported in diversifying their pastoral livelihoods.

We have partnered to assist develop community based tourism.

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